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Discharge only permitted

in specific circumstances(2)

and ≥12 nm from the nearest

land and en route

ANNEX  2 – NOXIOUS LIQUID SUBSTANCES

 

 

S. No        Special Areas

 

1               Antarctic area

 

 

NOXIOUS LIQUID SUBSTANCES ARE CLASSIFIED IN 4 CATEGORIES:-

 

 

Category     Hazard  to marine  resources                     Harm to amenities or other

                    or human health                                          legitimate use of the sea

 

X                 Major hazard                                                   Serious harm

Y                 Hazard                                                            Harm

Z                 Minor hazard                                                   Minor harm

OS*            No classification  under X,  Y, or Z                  Considered to present no harm

 

 

Orange

 

NO SPECIAL AREA

Marpol

Take Risks:

 

If You Win, You Will Be Happy;

 

If You Loose You Will Be Wise

MARPOL

Marpol 73/78 is the International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships, 1973 as modified by the Protocol of 1978.

 

In 1997, a Protocol was adopted to amend the Convention and a new Annex VI was added which entered into force on 19 May 2005. MARPOL has been updated by amendments through the years.

 

Note : The Following 6 Annexes of MARPOL have been defined in simple Layman's Language, so as to just give an idea about the convention to the trainees and should not be used while applying it practically on board. To know more about MARPOL annexes refer to our main MARPOL page.

ANNEX - 1 (REGULATIONS FOR THE PREVENTION OF POLLUTION BY OIL)

 

 

S. No        Special Areas

 

1               Mediterranean Sea

2               Baltic Sea

3               Black Sea

4               Red Sea

5               "Gulfs" area

6               Gulf of Aden

7               Antarctic area

8               North West European Waters

9               Oman area of the Arabian Sea

10             Southern South African waters

 

 

OUTSIDE SPECIAL AREA

INSIDE SPECIAL AREA

FROM CARGO HOLD

FROM ENGINE ROOM AND MACHINERY SPACE

DISCHARGE PROHIBITED

DISCHARGE PERMITTED WHEN CERTAIN CONDITIONS ARE MET.

DISCHARGE PERMITTED WHEN CERTAIN CONDITIONS ARE MET.

DISCHARGE PERMITTED WHEN CERTAIN CONDITIONS ARE MET.

DISCHARGE CRITERIA OUTSIDE SPECIAL AREA FROM CARGO HOLD

 

1)  The vessel should be En route.

2)  The vessel should not in special area.

3)  The vessel should be minimum 50 nm away from land.

4)  Instantaneous rate of discharge not more than 30 litre/ Nautical Mile.

5)  Total quantity of discharge for ships before December 1979 should not be more than 1/15000 of total cargo carried.

6)  Total quantity of discharge for ships after December 1979 should not be more than 1/30000 of total cargo carried.

7)  ODMCS (Oil discharge monitering and control system) in operation.

8)  Slop tank arrangement.

 

DISCHARGE CRITERIA OUTSIDE SPECIAL AREA FROM ENGINE ROOM AND MACHINERY SPACE

 

1)  The vessel is proceeding en route.

2)  Oily mixture is processed through an oil filtering equipment.

3)  The oil content of effluent without dilution does not increase more than 15PPM.

4)  Oily mixture does not originate from cargo pump.

5)  Oily mixture does not consist cargo residue.

 

DISCHARGE CRITERIA INSIDE SPECIAL AREA FROM CARGO HOLD

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

DISCHARGE CRITERIA INSIDE SPECIAL AREA FROM ENGINE ROOM AND MACHINERY SPACE

 

1)  The vessel is proceeding en route.

2)  Oily mixture is precessed through an Oil filtering equipment. Auto alarm and stop device fitted.

3)  The oil content of effluent without dilution does not increase more than 15PPM.

4)  Oily mixture does not originate from cargo pump.

5)  Oily mixture does not consist cargo residue.

6)  No discharge in Antarctic area.

 

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Red

 

CLICK HERE

Black Yellow Sky Blue Grey

 

19/05/2005

 

31/12/1988

 

27/09/2003

 

01/07/1992

 

02/10/1983

 

02/10/1983

 

2

 

1

 

ANNEX

 

TITLE

 

ENTRY INTO FORCE

Regulations for the Prevention of Pollution by Oil

Regulations for the Control of  Pollution by Noxious Liquid Substances in Bulk

 

3

Prevention of Pollution by Harmful Substances Carried by Sea in Packaged Form

 

4

 

5

 

6

Prevention of Pollution by Sewage from Ships

Prevention of Pollution by Garbage from Ships

Prevention of Air Pollution from Ships

 

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TO KNOW MORE

Annex - 1 Special Area

 

CLICK HERE

 

CLICK HERE

 

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CLICK HERE

 

TO SEE SPECIAL AREAS

DISCHARGE PROHIBITED

Annex - 2 Special Area

ANNEX 3 - HARMFUL SUBSTACES IN PACKAGED FORM

 

Important Points

 

1. For the purpose of this Annex, “HARMFUL SUBSTANCES” are those substances which are identified as marine pollutants in the International Maritime Dangerous Goods Code (IMDG Code).

 

2. For the purposes of this Annex, empty package materials which have been used previously for  the carriage  of harmful  substances  shall  themselves  be treated  as harmful substances  unless  adequate precautions  have been  taken  to ensure that they contain no residue that is harmful to the marine environment.

 

3. Jettisoning  of  harmful  substances  carried  in  packaged  form  shall  be prohibited,  except  where necessary  for  the purpose  of securing  the safety of the ship or saving life at sea.

 

4. Packages containing a harmful substance shall be durably marked or labelled to indicate that the substance is a harmful substance in accordance with the relevant provisions of the IMDG Code.

 

5. Transport information relating to the carriage of harmful substances shall be in accordance with the relevant provisions of the IMDG Code and shall be made available to the person or organization designated by the port State authority.

 

6. Harmful  substances  shall  be properly stowed  and  secured  so as  to minimize the hazards  to the marine  environment  without  impairing  the safety  of  the  ship  and persons on board.

 

7. Certain harmful substances may, for some scientific and technical reasons, need to be prohibited  for carriage  or be limited  as to the quantity which may be carried aboard any one ship.   In limiting the quantity, due consideration  shall be given to size,  construction  and  equipment  of the ship,  as  well  as  the packaging  and  the inherent nature of the substances.

 

8. A ship when in a port or an offshore terminal of another Party is subject to inspection by officers   duly authorized by such Party concerning operational requirements under this Annex.

 

 

 

ANNEX  4  – SEWAGE

 

 

S. No        Special Areas

 

1               Baltic Sea

 

Annex – 4 applies to all ships above 400 GT or which are certified to carry 15 persons or more.

 

CERTIFICATE - INTERNATIONAL SEWAGE POLLUTION PREVENTION CERTIFICATE

 

Requirements:-

 

1. Sewage treatment plant (approved).

 

2. Sewage communiting and disinfecting system capable of temp storage when less than 3 NM from land.

 

3. A holding tank with visual indicators of level.

 

4. Standard discharge connections like (International Shore Connection).

Sewage

Annex - 4 Special Area

ANNEX  5  – GARBAGE

 

S.No         Special Area

 

1               Mediterranean Sea

2               Baltic Sea

3               Black Sea

4               Red Sea

5              "Gulfs" area

6               North Sea

7               Antarctic area (south of latitude 60 degrees south)

8              Wider Caribbean region including the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean Sea

 

 

GARBAGE DISCHARGE CRITERIA

TYPE OF GARBAGE

SHIP OUTSIDE SPECIAL AREA

SHIP WITHIN SPECIAL AREA

OFFSHORE PLATFORMS AND ALL SHIPS WITHIN 500M OF SUCH PLATFORM

Food waste

comminuted or ground

Discharge permitted

≥3 nm from the nearest land and en route.

Discharge permitted

≥12 nm from the nearest land and en route.

Discharge permitted

≥12 nm from the nearest land

Food waste not

comminuted or ground

Discharge permitted

≥12 nm from the nearest land and en route.

DISCHARGE PROHIBITED

DISCHARGE PROHIBITED

Cargo residues(1)

Not contained in wash water

Discharge permitted

≥12 nm from the nearest land and en route.

DISCHARGE PROHIBITED

DISCHARGE PROHIBITED

Cargo residues(1)

Contained in wash water

DISCHARGE PROHIBITED

Discharge only permitted

in specific circumstances(2)

and ≥12 nm from the nearest

land and en route

Cleaning agents and

additives(1) contained in

cargo hold wash water

DISCHARGE PERMITTED

DISCHARGE PROHIBITED

Cleaning agents and

additives(1) contained in

deck and external surfaces wash water

DISCHARGE PROHIBITED

DISCHARGE PERMITTED

Carcasses of animals carried on board as cargo and which died during the voyage

Discharge permitted

as far from the nearest land as possible and en route

DISCHARGE PROHIBITED

DISCHARGE PROHIBITED

All other garbage including plastics, domestic wastes,

cooking oil, incinerator ashes, operational wastes and fishing gear

DISCHARGE PROHIBITED

DISCHARGE PROHIBITED

DISCHARGE PROHIBITED

Mixed Garbage

When garbage is mixed with or contaminated by other substances prohibited from discharge or having different discharge requirements, the more stringent requirements shall apply.

1. These substances must not be harmful to the marine environment.

 

2. According to regulation 6.1.2 of MARPOL Annex V, the discharge shall only be allowed if: (a) both the port of departure and the next port of destination are within the special area and the ship will not transit outside the special area between these ports (regulation 6.1.2.2); and (b) if no adequate reception facilities are available at those ports (regulation 6.1.2.3).

Annex - 5 Special Area

ANNEX  6  – PREVENTION OF AIR POLLUTION BY SHIPS (EMISSION CONTROL AREAS)

 

 

S. No        Special Area

 

1               Baltic Sea (SOx)

2               North Sea (SOx)

3               North American ECA (SOx and PM)

4               North American ECA  (NOx)

5               United States Caribbean Sea ECA (SOx and PM)

6               United States Caribbean Sea ECA  (NOx)

 

 

 

1) OZONE DEPLETING SUBSTANCES

 

Installations which contain ozone depleting substances, other than hydro-chlorofluorocarbons, shall be prohibited:

 

1.On ships constructed on or after 19 May 2005; or

 

2.In the case of ships constructed before 19 May 2005, which have a contractual delivery date of the equipment to the ship on or after 19 May 2005 or, in the absence of a contractual delivery date, the actual delivery of the equipment to the ship on or after 19 May 2005.

 

Installations which contain hydro-chlorofluorocarbons shall be prohibited:

 

1. On ships constructed on or after 1 January 2020; or

 

2. In the case of ships constructed before 1 January 2020, which have a contractual delivery date of the equipment to the ship on or after 1 January 2020 or, in the absence of a contractual delivery date, the actual delivery of the equipment to the ship on or after 1 January 2020.

 

2) NITROGEN OXIDES (NOX )

 

Applies to diesel engine more than 130 KW built or undergone major conversion on or after Jan 2000 Exception:

 

1. Machines used for emergency

 

2. Domestic ships.

 

NOx emission limits are set for diesel engines depending on the engine maximum operating speed

 

3) SOx emission control area (ECA)

 

1. Baltic Sea

2. North Sea

3. English Channel

4. EAST and WEST coast of North America

 

4) FOLLOWING CANNOT BE INCINERATED AT ANY TIME:-

 

1. Cargo residue of annex 1,2,3 and its package.

2. Poly chlorinated biphenyls (PCB’s)

3. Garbage with traces of heavy metal.

4. Petroleum containg halogen.

 

 

 

Annex - 6 Special Area